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Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
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  About Us

Conservation & Society is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary, open access journal, dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of conservation. It aims to serve as a bridge between conservation practitioners from a wide array of disciplines and therefore seeks to disseminate work presented in an integrative and simple manner that is accessible to individuals from disciplines ranging from the natural and social sciences to the humanities.
The journal draws on both natural and social sciences and covers basic and applied research in areas including but not restricted to political ecology, human-wildlife conflicts, decentralised conservation, conservation policy, ecosystem structure and functioning, systematics, community and species ecology, behavioural ecology, landscape ecology, restoration ecology and conservation biology.
The journal is of interest to academics, researchers, teachers, naturalists, policy makers, planners, resource managers and media professionals.
  About the Journal

Conservation & Society came out of a conversation beginning in the late 1990s between leading ecologists and conservationists in India including Kamal Bawa, Chiranjeev Bedi, Renee Borges, Uma Shaanker, Ravi Chellam, Gladwin Joseph, Ullas Karanth, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ajith Kumar, Sharad Lele, Mahesh Rangarajan, Vasant Saberwal, Amita Baviskar, K. Sivaramakrishnan and Anindya Sinha.

The journal was launched in 2003 through Sage Publications, with Kamal Bawa as Chief Editor and Vasant Saberwal as Executive Editor. Kartik Shanker (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) took up the Executive Editorship in 2005, followed by Heather Goodall (University of Technology, Sydney, Australia) in 2009. From 2014 onwards the Executive Editorship was replaced by a Senior Editorial Collective and an expanded global array of Associate Editors from the social, historical and natural sciences.

C&S has the exceptional reputation of being a leading international conservation journal based in and published from the Global South. It is known for high quality and pioneering scholarship on social, cultural and biological dimensions of conservation in every part of the world. The journal is indexed with the Web of Science, SCOPUS, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scimago Journal Ranking and DOAJ.

The journal has published several special sections in the last few years including:

Green Wars (Guest Editors: Bram Büscher and Robert Fletcher)

Affective Ecologies (Guest Editor: Neera M Singh)

The Green Economy in the South (Guest Editor: Peter Howson)

Protecting an African eden?: conservationists, communities, and collaboration in Mozambique (Guest Editors: Christy Schuetze, Michael Madison Walker, and Rozenn N. Diallo)

Protected areas and sustainable forest management in Canada (Guest Editors: Yolanda F. Wiersma, Peter N. Duinker, Wolfgang Haider, Glen T. Hvenegaard, and Fiona K.A. Schmiegelow)

Changing frontiers of ecological knowledge in Asia (Guest Editors: Peter Vandergeest and Shubhra Gururani)

Moving beyond the legacy of the rational actor and individual responsibility in environmental governance and conservation (Guest Editors: Cindy Isenhour and Nicole D. Peterson)

The biodiversity conservation industry in Mexico: perspectives, trends, and challenges (Guest Editors: Elizabeth A. Olson, Jose E. Martinez-Reyes, and Leticia Durand)

Alternative approaches to conceptualising and assessing ecosystem services (Guest Editors: Seema Purushothaman, Bejoy K. Thomas, Rosa Abraham, and Uppeandra Dhar)

Policy and practice of community-based conservation (Guest Editors: Philip Camill, Jessica Brown, and Ashish Kothari)

Forest tenure reform: new resource rights for forest-based communities? (Guest Editors: Anne M. Larson and Ganga Ram Dahal) –

Protected areas and migration (Guest Editors: David M. Hoffman, Derick Fay, and Lucas Joppa)

Studying sea turtle conservation and learning about the world: insights from social science (Guest Editor: Lisa M. Campbell) –

Predicaments of power and nature in India: An introduction (Guest Editors: Gunnel Cederlof and Mahesh Rangarajan)

Institutional choice and recognition in the formation and consolidation of local democracy (Guest Editors: Jesse C. Ribot, Ashwini Chhatre, and Tomila Lankina)

Neoliberal conservation (Guest Editors: James Igoe and Daniel Brockington)

Conservation in Madagascar (Guest Editor: Jeffrey Kaufmann)

Re-placing nature (Guest Editor: Ben Campbell)

Conservation & Society is published quarterly, and all articles are available online in the html, PDF, mobile, Epub, and eBook formats. We encourage you to browse our website, consider submitting your work to the journal, and sign up as reviewers. Manuscripts can be submitted through the online submission system.

Abstracting and Indexing Information

The journal is registered with the following abstracting partners:
Baidu Scholar, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Ex Libris Primo Central, Google Scholar, Hinari, Infotrieve, National Science Library, ProQuest, TDNet, Wanfang Data

The journal is indexed with, or included in, the following:
DOAJ, Indian Science Abstracts, Scimago Journal Ranking, SCOPUS, Science Citation Index Expanded, Web of Science

Impact Factor as reported in the 2021 Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate Analytics, 2022): 2.492

Journal Ethics

Wolters Kluwer and Journal/Association are committed to meeting and upholding standards of ethical behavior at all stages of the publication process. We follow closely the industry associations, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), that set standards and provide guidelines for best practices in order to meet these requirements. For a summary of our specific policies regarding duplicate publication, conflicts of interest, patient consent, etc., please visit www.Medknow.com/EthicalGuidelines.asp

Open Access Publication and Creative Commons Licensing

This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

Digital Archiving

Wolters Kluwer Medknow provides for long-term digital preservation through two primary partnerships, Portico and CLOCKSS.

Portico is a leading digital preservation service worldwide. The content is preserved as an archival version and is not publically accessible via Portico, but is provided when required under specific conditions, such as discontinuation of the collection or catastrophic failure of the website.

CLOCKSS will enable any library to maintain their own archive of content from Wolters Kluwer Medknow and other publishers, with minimal technical effort and using cheaply available hardware.

Ahead of Print policy

Articles published online under the Ahead of Print model are considered published and can be cited and quoted using the DOI as the reference source. Wolters Kluwer Medknow has a policy that changes will not be made after publication of an article without following accepted procedures for making corrections to the scientific record.


While advertisements are crucial to this journal to be able to keep all content free for everyone, ethical considerations are in place to ensure the integrity of the journal and its content:

  • "Pop-up" and "banner" ads appear on a random, rotating basis. The advertiser has no control or input over the pages where their ads appear.
  • The Editorial Board has full and final approval over the content of all advertisements.
  • Advertisers will never be shown any manuscripts or other content prior to publication.

A brief history of Conservation and Society

Conservation & Society came out of a conversation beginning in the late 1990s between leading ecologists and conservationists in India involving Kamal Bawa, Chiranjeev Bedi, Renee Borges, Uma Shaanker, Ravi Chellam, Gladwin Joseph, Ullas Karanth, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ajith Kumar, Sharad Lele, Mahesh Rangarajan, Vasant Saberwal, Anindya Sinha, and several others. The journal was launched in 2003 through Sage Publications, with Kamal Bawa as Chief Editor and Vasant Saberwal as Executive Editor

Past editors
Vasant Saberwal (Centre for Pastoralism, India)
Kartik Shankar (Indian Institute of Science, India)
Heather Goodall (University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)
Lisa Campbell (Duke University, USA)

ATREE has financially supported the journal since its inception in 2003. When the journal became open access under the Creative Commons License in 2005, ATREE also took the role of managing and publishing the journal. Since 2009, the journal has been managed by ATREE and published by Medknow Publications (now Medknow Wolters Kluwer).

    About Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment   Top

Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE) is a research institution in the areas of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. We focus on applied science through research, education and action that influence policy and practice on conservation of nature, management of natural resources, and sustainable development.

ATREE's mission is to promote socially just environmental conservation and sustainable development by generating rigorous interdisciplinary knowledge that engages actively with academia, policy makers, practitioners, activists, students and wider public audiences. ATREE envisions a society committed to environmental conservation and sustainable and socially just development, in which ATREE plays the role of a model knowledge-generating organization for catalyzing the transition to such a society.

    Medknow Publications   Top

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