Conservation and Society

RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 325--335

Exploring a Comprehensive Behavioural Model to Investigate Illegal Sea Turtle Trade in Cabo Verde


Morgan Casal Ribeiro1, Juan Patino-Martinez3, Janete Agues3, Alexandra Marçal-Correia2, Ana Nuno3 
1 Maio Biodiversity Foundation (FMB), Cidade Porto Inglês, Ilha do Maio, Cabo Verde; Okeanos-UAc Instituto de Investigação em Ciências do Mar, Universidade dos Açores, Rua Prof. Dr. Frederico Machado, Horta, Portugal
2 Faculdade de Cieências da Universidade de Lisboa; MARE - ULisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
3 Centre for Ecology and Conservation, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter Cornwall Campus, Cornwall, UK; Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences and Humanities, NOVA University Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal

Correspondence Address:
Morgan Casal Ribeiro
Maio Biodiversity Foundation (FMB), Cidade Porto Inglês, Ilha do Maio, Cabo Verde; Okeanos-UAc Instituto de Investigação em Ciências do Mar, Universidade dos Açores, Rua Prof. Dr. Frederico Machado, Horta

Successful conservation outcomes often depend on changing human behaviours that negatively impact biodiversity, such as unsustainable wildlife harvesting or illegal wildlife trade (IWT). However, inclusive psychology models that examine motivations of those behaviours have been underutilised in IWT contexts. This research examines the drivers of illegal harvesting and consumption of sea turtles on Maio, Cabo Verde (West Africa), by adapting data from interviews (n=20) and questionnaires (n=325) into the Comprehensive Action Determination Model, an environmental psychology theoretical framework. Initial findings suggest local behavioural motivations have changed over time, but key beliefs remained intact. Structural equation modelling showed intention to consume turtles is influenced by positive attitudes towards consumption, but interviews suggest normative personal and social beliefs are becoming relevant to consumptive behaviour mitigation. The same seems true of harvesting, reportedly performed mostly by young men looking to sell turtle by-products. Overall, results indicate the beliefs underlying harvest and consumption behaviours are distinct, such that outreach initiatives must be designed to address each. Results demonstrate how conceptual models developed in underutilised disciplines can be adapted to expand the transdisciplinary tools available to conservation practitioners. Embracing behaviour-focused approaches is crucial to address the intricate cultural and contextual factors of IWT. Abstract in Portuguese: https://bit.ly/3Aj9xuu


How to cite this article:
Ribeiro MC, Patino-Martinez J, Agues J, Marçal-Correia A, Nuno A. Exploring a Comprehensive Behavioural Model to Investigate Illegal Sea Turtle Trade in Cabo Verde.Conservat Soc 2022;20:325-335


How to cite this URL:
Ribeiro MC, Patino-Martinez J, Agues J, Marçal-Correia A, Nuno A. Exploring a Comprehensive Behavioural Model to Investigate Illegal Sea Turtle Trade in Cabo Verde. Conservat Soc [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 9 ];20:325-335
Available from: https://www.conservationandsociety.org.in//article.asp?issn=0972-4923;year=2022;volume=20;issue=4;spage=325;epage=335;aulast=Ribeiro;type=0